Jeff Merkley, Democrat senator, 'worried about Roe v. Wade'

Merrick Garland was blocked by Republicans from taking a seat on the Supreme Court

The high court disagreed with those rulings, finding that the proclamation falls "squarely within the scope of Presidential authority".

"I wish him well in retirement and I am eager for the Senate to fulfill our constitutional duty to advise the president on the selection of our next Supreme Court justice".

"We'd be very happy if he'd pick any name on that list", said Severino.

The Supreme Court is the ultimate check on the president and Congress, putting it squarely in the crosshairs of USA politics and America's culture wars. Conservatives view the decision as a victory.

He was often referred to as the "swing vote" between the four more liberal and four more reliably conservative justices now presiding over the court. The traditional 60-vote threshold for high court nominees was abolished last April when Democrats threatened to block Gorsuch's confirmation, prompting Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell to push through a rules change allowing justices to be confirmed with simple majority votes. Crawford points out that he refused to overturn Roe v. Wade, and he also constrained the bolder conservatives on the court, pulling them back a little bit.

Coon said while Trump "has charted an inconsistent ideological course on a number of policy issues", it's likely his justice nomination will please conservatives.

It worked. In conversation after conversation with Republican elected officials and strategists between May and November 2016, the justification always cited for backing Trump - albeit, in many cases, reluctantly - was that he would put conservative justices on the bench while Clinton would not.

"If he were to follow the model of Justice Gorsuch that is a consistent ideological conservative judge who comes across as a steady decision maker and who has little in his past that creates red flags, that provides the safest path towards relatively swift nomination, even with Democrats claiming that the Senate should wait until after the election", Barth noted.

Leonard Leo, who is taking a leave of absence as executive vice president of the Federalist Society to serve as an outside adviser in the selection process, said Trump "wants to move swiftly and I think that probably means in the next two or three weeks".

Last year, Gorsuch was formally nominated on February 1 and confirmed on April 7, a span of 65 days. "Can he get it right twice in a row?"

"Our Republican colleagues in the Senate should follow the rule they set in 2016: not to consider a Supreme Court justice in an election year", said the NY lawmaker. The argument they and moderate Republicans will wrestle with is whether the court's current "balance" should be preserved.

Voting rights advocates' hopes that they could, in the near-future, secure a fifth vote to rein in extreme partisan gerrymandering died on Wednesday with Kennedy's retirement announcement.

AMUL THAPAR of Kentucky, US Court of Appeals for the 6th Circuit: Thapar has been a federal appeals court judge in Cincinnati for about a year.

Jennifer Rubin writes the Right Turn blog for The Washington Post, offering reported opinion from a center-right perspective. With the exceptions of Amy Coney Barrett and Amul Thapar, all are George W. Bush appointees.

Ten years later came United States v. Windsor, the case that struck down the Defense of Marriage Act, which interpreted the term "marriage" to apply only to unions between a man and a woman.

Sen. Richard Blumenthal, D-Connecticut, said he, too, agreed the confirmation vote should be stalled until after the new Congress is elected.

Moreno is a judge with U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida. He also has served as a state judge on the 11th Judicial Circuit Court in Florida.

The Supreme Court has adjourned for the summer without any sign that a justice is retiring. Born in Birmingham, Ala., Newsom has also worked under two Alabama Attorney Generals.

The Supreme Court is an institution that shapes America. He is a graduate of the University of Oklahoma College of Law.

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