Cosmic Rival? Astronomers Spot Enigmatic System with Three Earth-Size Planets

Scientists Discover New Planet'EPIC 211945201 600 Light Years Away at Mount Abu Observatory

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has made great strides in recent years, setting new records for satellite launches and putting a probe into orbit around Mars - all for incredibly efficient prices.

The Indian team from the PRL employed their "PRL Advance Radial-velocity Abu-sky Search" (PARAS) spectrograph with which they measured the mass of the new exoplanet.

A sub-Saturn or super-Neptune sized planet which has 27 times more mass and whose radius is six times more than that of the planet Earth has been discovered by a group of researchers from the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad. It is closer to Neptune, he added.

One of them is just 160 light years from Earth and includes three planets that are remarkably similar in size to our own. Significantly, the discovery was made using a PRL-designed spectrograph, PARAS, to measure and confirm the mass of the new planet.

Importantly, this discovery could help scientists understand how these types of planets form so close to their host star.

With this discovery, India is now among the league of countries that have discovered planets around stars. Scientists have named this host star as EPIC 211945201 or K2-236 while the planet will be known as EPIC 211945201b or K2-236b. The total mass of these elements was calculated at about 60 to 70 percent of planet EPIC's total mass.

According to SciTech Daily, John Grunsfeld, from NASA's Science Mission Directorate, explained that the Kepler spacecraft has yielded many surprises, and with the discovery of three new rocky planet, s we may be closer now to learning whether these other planetary systems may harbor life of some kind. This is the first of its kind spectrograph in the country, which can measure the mass of a planet going around a star.

On the other hand, only a few such accurate and powerful spectrographs exist around the world, the majority of which being in the United States and Europe. This is what they have so far discovered. Abhijeet Chakraborty. Researchers briefed that this planet has 600-degree Celsius temperature on its surface.

The planet orbits a Sun-like star 600 light-years away.

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