Tobacco and Heart Disease

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For World No Tobacco Day 2018, WHO joined with the World Heart Federation to highlight the link between tobacco and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) - the world's leading causes of death, responsible for 44% of all NCD deaths, or 17.9 million deaths annually.

These include making indoor public and workplaces smoke-free and insisting that tobacco packaging carries warnings that demonstrate the health risks for users.

She called on individuals to promote healthy hearts by committing not to use tobacco, helping others to quit, protect all people including family members, workers and children from tobacco smoke.

Meanwhile, other non-communicable diseases linked to smoking which are also top causes of deaths and diseases among Filipinos are: cancer, stroke, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and other heart diseases, said Duque. Tobacco is recognised as a risk factor in the development of coronary heart disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease.

"More than 104 million people in India alone continue to imperil their health by using combusted tobacco every day. It is commonly known that smoking increases the risk of heart disease but the fact is that smokeless forms of tobacco are equally harmful".

He said: 'Most people know that using tobacco causes cancer and lung disease, but many people aren't aware that tobacco also causes heart disease and stroke.

According to the survey, about 10.7 per cent of all adults in India which amounts to about 99.5 million citizens, smoke tobacco out of which men account for 19 per cent while women account for the remaining 2 per cent. This year, World No Tobacco Day will focus on the impact tobacco has on the cardiovascular health of people worldwide.

In Asia, regulators in Japan and Korea allow smokers access to smoke-free products, and the results have been impressive with millions having already switched from cigarettes.

The WHO clinched a landmark treaty in 2005, now ratified by 180 countries, that calls for a ban on tobacco advertising and sponsorship, and taxes to discourage use.

According to a survey by the Foundation for a Smoke-Free World, despite almost seven of 10 smokers in India being aware that smoking is unsafe, 53 per cent have been unsuccessful in their attempts to quit.

He named Ireland and Uruguay as countries which had achieved the highest level of tobacco control before adding that since 2007, the number of people around the world to have benefited from these measures has more than quadrupled, from one billion to five billion. He said nicotine gums, patches, sprays, inhalers and medicines can help one quit tobacco.

"Good business for them translates to a colossal and ever growing global public health disaster that our government must urgently act to contain".

It is only governments who can help end the scourge of tobacco.

That's a drop from 13.2 million daily smokers to 12.2 million, which health officials attribute to the anti-smoking measures of their National Tobacco Reduction Plan in 2016.

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