Now Chocolate Could Go Extinct, Great

Cacao plants can only grow within approximately 20 degrees north and south of the Equator- and they thrive under specific conditions such as high humidity and abundant rain

According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the US, cacao trees can only grow within 20 degrees north or south of the equator, where conditions are just right - fairly constant warm temperatures, high humidity, high rainfall, low winds and rich soils, conditions one would expect from rainforests.

According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, cacao plants are on track to go extinct by 2050 due to rising temperatures and drier weather conditions expected to occur in the areas in which they're grown.

The average consumer eats 286 bars of chocolate a year (it's not often we can be smugly "above average".), but in order to produce that number, ten cacao trees must be planted. These trees can grow only about 20 degrees north and south of Ecuador - and thrive under specific conditions such as high humidity and rain.

Because of its dependence on such a limited area of land and its extreme reactiveness to small shifts in climate, cacao is particularly vulnerable to global warming.

Fortunately for chocoholics, a rescue mission has commenced.

Mars, producers of Snickers, Milky Way, and other delights, has pledged a $1billion effort, "Sustainability in a Generation", to reduce its carbon footprint by more than 60 percent by 2050. The team at Berkeley is working with the Mars company on gene-editing technology, called CRISPR, to prevent the plant from wilting and decaying in the uncertain years to come. The company's chief sustainability officer, Barry Parkin, told BI UK his company is trying "to go all in". "There are obviously commitments the world is leaning into but, frankly, we don't think we're getting there fast enough collectively". Despite the fact that her apparatus has gotten more consideration for its capability to annihilate human infections and make alleged "fashioner babies", Doudna figures its most significant applications won't be on people but instead on the food they eat.

"By and by, I'd love a tomato plant with organic product that remained on the vine longer", Doudna revealed to Business Insider.

Regardless of which crop the public sees CRISPR successfully used in first, the technology will be a key tool in a growing arsenal of techniques we'll need if we plan to continue eating things like chocolate as the planet warms.

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