US Ban on Plane Sales to Iran Runs Counter to JCPOA

IAEA Director General

On October 15, Trump is due to decide whether Iran has breached the 2015 nuclear agreement, and critics fear he may abandon an accord they think prevents Tehran from building a nuclear bomb.

Nikki Haley, the USA ambassador to the United Nations, last week laid out a scenario under which Trump would keep the U.S.in the deal but refuse to certify Iran's compliance with it, kicking the problem to Congress and forcing it to decide whether to reimpose sanctions that were eased under the agreement. Thursday is the deadline for renewing that waiver.

The unsigned memo was written by Richard Goldberg, a former Republican congressional aide who has long advocated tough action against Iran.

Under U.S. law, the president must certify to Congress every 90 days whether Iran is adhering to the agreement.

Trump has also set up a team of his White House confidants to present him with "options" other than certifying Iranian compliance with the deal to the Congress.

Under the deal, limits were put on Iran's nuclear activities in exchange for the removal of all nuclear-related bans imposed on the Islamic Republic, among other things.

In a speech last week, US ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley laid out how and why the administration might decertify the agreement, citing Iran's other malign activities, such as support for terrorism.

Johnson said there are two sides to the deal: The Islamic Republic behaving itself, and the USA and the others ensuring Iran enjoys economic benefits.

Jaffer wrote: "It was a awful deal from the start, combining a significant weakening of the long-standing worldwide position on ballistic missile development with offering Iran the opportunity to conduct advanced R&D on uranium centrifuges, a self-testing regime on nuclear military sites, and a potential long-term path to a weapon even in compliance with the deal".

And then there's Iran, whose relations with the US have only deteriorated further since Trump took office as his administration imposed more sanctions on the country to deter its involvement in Syria and punish it for pursuing a ballistic-missile program.

"Iran is subject to the world's most robust nuclear verification regime".

Trump faces a couple of deadlines.

Nauert did not specify which sanctions the administration had waived. And still today, the fallout from the invasion is undermining USA national security. Such certification is needed by U.S. law every 90 days in order for the Congress to continue to withhold nuclear-related sanctions against Iran. "What's the USA going to offer in return?" There have been reports that there's a debate going on within the Trump administration regarding whether to decertify.

In comments to reporters aboard Air Force One, Trump repeated his campaign pronouncement that the deal is bad and again said he believes Iran is violating its terms and spirit. "On this basis, we can discuss other issues".

Meanwhile, supporters of the deal, including former senior officials and diplomats in the Obama administration, are engaged in their own political lobbying effort, arguing that any attempt to withdraw or undermine the nuclear deal through unilateral action would have disastrous consequences and possibly lead to a military confrontation.

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