Supermassive Black Hole Discovered In The Milky Way

Image credit Dana Berry Skyworks Digital  NASA  Nat Geo

The team originally spotted the gas cloud using the Nobeyama radio telescope in Japan-but to learn more about what they had found required something bigger, so they ventured to Chile, where they gained access to the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array.

It's believed they could be the seeds of their more massive counterparts - merging together to form a enormous one. intermediate black holes might simply turn out to be their progenitors. "It's the most promising evidence so far" for an intermediate mass black hole, says astronomer Kevin Schawinski of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich. An absolutely huge black hole 100,000 times more massive than the sun has been discovered in a toxic gas cloud near the heart of the Milky Way.

He said: 'One possible scenario is intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs) - which are formed by the runaway coalescence of stars in young compact star clusters - merge at the centre of a galaxy to form a supermassive black hole.

Black holes are hard to find because they do not emit any light.

But intermediate-sized black holes have eluded detection.

The scientists' suspicions that a black hole was responsible became more likely when further observations picked up radio waves indicative of a black hole coming from the centre of the cloud.

The discovery was made after they found a "peculiar" molecular cloud located near the center of the Milky Way.

A black hole for assistance?

Those types of black holes, known as intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs) are thought to be the missing link in the evolution of cosmic objects and could help explain how supermassive black holes are formed. There are some 50 dwarf galaxies in the vicinity of the Milky Way and if CO-0.40-0.22* is confirmed as a black hole, this would support the idea that galaxies grow through such cannibalism. This has led to an intense search, which until now, has come up mostly empty-mid-size black holes are exceedingly hard to spot. "Some of them seem very large".

Besides, the theoretical studies predict that there may be 100 million to a billion numbers of the black holes exist in the Milky Way, from which only around 60 black holes have been detected officially. That growth should happen in part by mergers with other black holes and in part by accretion of material from the part of the galaxy that surrounds the black hole.

That's how the black holes get massive so quickly.

A recent research stated that the black holes are important for the creation of galaxies, stars and life itself.

That's even more the case now that a supermassive black hole has been discovered in our very own solar system.

The researchers are also reportedly working on identifying more black hole candidates.

The finding can possibly lead to proof for generational relativity, a step that scientists claim would "make a considerable contribution to the progress of modern physics".

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